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St Peter's Basilica, Rome

One of the iconic symbols of your visit to Rome is the magnificent Saint Peter's Basilica, located within the walls of the Vatican, in  St Peters Square.

Surprisingly, it is not the Pope's official ecclesiastical seat but  is his principal church, where most Papal ceremonies take place, due mainly to its size, proximity to the Papal residence and location within the City walls of the Vatican.

Beneath the main altar there is another altar dedicated to St Peter. Recent excavations have discovered a burial chamber beneath this altar containing a skeleton with its feet missing. Some archaeologists have suggested that these are the actual remains of Saint Peter himself.

The interior, which includes 45 altars, has been decorated by many famous artists. Some of the most important works in the church are the Pietà by Michelangelo, the papal altar and the Throne of St. Peter, both by Bernini, and the Monument to the Stuarts by CanovaIt.

The dome or cupola was designed by Michelangelo when he became chief architect in 1546. When he died in1564, the dome had only been finished as far as the base on which domes itself sits. Between 1585 and 1590, the architect Giacomo della Porta, with the help of the predominant engineer of the time, Domenico Fontana, completed it's construction, the following year Fontana built the lantern, and in 1593 the ball was placed in position.

A range of guided tours can be arranged for R.E, History and Art and Design educational Sixth Form, College and Uni group trips to Rome so please contact our experts at FHT for details.

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Piazza Navona

One of Rome's liveliest squares, with many outdoor cafes and restaurants, as well as fascinating ancient architecture in the form of churches and historic fountains, Piazza Navona should be visited on a walking tour if at all possible. The square was constructed on what was the former stadium, built by emperor Domitian in 86 AD. which has given the square its long oval shape. The stadium was eventually paved over in the 15th centu read more ...

Sistine Chapel

One of the main attractions within the Vatican for any Art and Design, History or R.E student group trips is the Sistine Chapel. It is located in the southwest corner of the old medieval part of the Apostolic Palace, in the very heart of the Vatican and contains, among other marvels, the famous frescos completed by Michaelangelo in 1512. Please note there are limited opening times and so please check with FHT for details before arrival.

Spanish Steps

The Scalinata di Spagna, or Spanish Steps, are an icon of Roman life and join the Piazza di Spagna with the church of Trinita dei Monti with its twin towers that dominate the skyline. The Spanish Steps are usually very crowded during the summer months, with tourists sitting, chatting, and taking a rest from visiting the designer shops that adorn the area. Please beware, however, that even though It may seem like a good place to eat a picni read more ...

St Peter's Basilica

One of the iconic symbols of your visit to Rome is the magnificent Saint Peter's Basilica, located within the walls of the Vatican, in  St Peters Square. Surprisingly, it is not the Pope's official ecclesiastical seat but  is his principal church, where most Papal ceremonies take place, due mainly to its size, proximity to the Papal residence and location within the City walls of the Vatican. Beneath the main altar th read more ...

The Colosseum

One of the most immediately recognizable historic buildings in the world and a "must see"  attraction for any student groups visiting Rome for History, Religious Studies or general culture. The Colosseum is located at the foot of Mussolini's Via dei Fori Imperiali, opposite the Colosseo Metro station and originally with about eighty entrances was designed to hold approximately 50,000 spectators. The Roman emperor Vespasi read more ...

The Pantheon

Located behind Piazza della Rotonda, The Pantheon is a marvellous example of ancient architecture, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced dome.  It is one of the best-preserved of all Roman buildings and has been read more ...

The Vatican

Located right in the heart of Rome and yet a separate state in itself, the Vatican City is the smallest independent state in the world by both area and population, having been established in 1929. Home to the marvellous St. Peter's Basilica, Sistine Chapel and papal residence it is a magnet for any group visiting Rome and we can arranged guided walking tours if required. Please contact FHT for details.

Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain is the most famous and spectacular fountain in the city and one of the cities most popular tourist attractions.  It derives it's name from its position at the intersection of three roads (tre vie) and stands at the end of the Aqua Virgo, which is one of the ancient aqueducts that supplied fresh water to Rome since 19 B.C. The sea god Neptune dominates the scene in a chariot in the form of a shell. The c read more ...

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